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#113 - Step-By-Step Active Composting - Day 1

I decided to start a new compost pile and use it as a step-by-step guide to show how easy it is for anyone to take yard waste like leaves and grass cuttings and turn it into useful nutritious organic compost to use on your garden, flowers or plants.


For a compost pile to work properly in an active-compost system, also called hot-composting, four things are required:

  • Nitrogen

  • Carbon

  • Oxygen

  • Water

To allow proper airflow to the compost I am using 36"x36"x30" green powder coated wire cages that I purchased on Amazon and have installed side by side in my back yard. Each one of these cages come with 4 side panels and 4 anchor pins to attach the side panels in the corners.

By setting the three cages up next to each other I was able to end up with three four-sided cages and one additional three-sided cage with the extra left over parts. I will be utilizing the three four-sided cages for active compost piles in different stages of their decomposition. The additional three-sided cage I will be utilizing to store my completed compost until I am ready to use it.

I start off by putting a layer of leaves and dead plant waste which is full of carbon.

On top of the leafy carbon layer I add a layer of grass clippings which are loaded with nitrogen.